Children up to nine years of age can suffer from growth restrictions due to significant prenatal alcohol exposure. A child’s weight, height, and head circumference can be negatively affected by alcohol exposure in the womb, and these factors are important indicators of brain function and growth. Restrictions in these areas can also lead to health complications and IQ challenges. Iron deficiency and anemia cause these complications to manifest even more severely in young children. The study was conducted on pregnant women in Cape Town, South Africa, who were divided into two study groups based on their drinking habits.